How to Write a Journal Article?

Sharing your research findings through a journal article can have a profound impact on your academic career, contributing to your visibility and credibility within your field. Crafting a well-structured and engaging journal article requires careful planning and thoughtful execution. Let’s start going through tips on how to write a journal article.

Planning Your Article

Before you start writing, it’s crucial to have a clear plan in place. Follow these steps to lay a solid foundation for your article:

1. Identify Your Central Message

Choose a central message or idea that you want to convey through your article. This could be a unique methodology, a new theory, or groundbreaking findings from your research.

For instance, if you’re writing an article about a novel approach to teaching mathematics, your central message might be:

“A Holistic Approach to Enhancing Math Education.”

2. Create a Coherent Outline

Construct an outline that organizes your article’s content logically. Consider the following aspects when creating your outline:

  • Isolate Manageable Themes: Break down your central message into smaller themes that you can explore in-depth.
  • Build a Coherent Story: Arrange your themes in a way that forms a cohesive narrative, leading the reader through your article.
  • Make Your Argument Stand Alone: Each section of your article should contribute to your main argument and be understandable on its own.
  • Consider the Readership: Tailor your content to the audience of the journal you’re targeting.
  • Adapt Your Writing Style: Adjust your writing style to suit the journal’s preferences, different from your thesis.

Let’s take a look at an example based on the “math education” article:


Also read: Tips for Effective Article Writing

Familiarize Yourself with the Target Journal

Selecting the right journal for your article is crucial. Different journals have distinct requirements and readerships. Here’s how to align your article with your chosen journal:

1. Understand the Journal’s Scope

Read articles previously published in your target journal to understand its scope and focus. This will help you tailor your article to fit within the journal’s themes.

For instance, if you’re submitting to a journal focused on innovative teaching methods, your article should emphasize the novel approach you’re presenting.

2. Match the Audience and Purpose

Determine whether your target journal’s audience consists of experts or a broader readership. Tailor your content and writing style accordingly.

Match the Audience and Purpose

For example, if the journal’s audience is educators interested in pedagogical strategies, your article should provide practical insights for classroom implementation.

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Crafting Your Article

Now that you’ve planned your article and familiarized yourself with the target journal, it’s time to start writing. Follow these guidelines to ensure your article is engaging and well-structured.

1. Clarity and Focus

Maintain a clear focus on your central message throughout the article. Avoid overloading the text with unnecessary details that might distract from your main argument.

For instance, when discussing the holistic math education approach, remain focused on how it integrates real-world applications and engages students.

2. Structure

Follow a well-defined structure for your journal article:

a. Title and Keywords

Craft a concise yet informative title that reflects your article’s content. Include relevant keywords that potential readers might use for searches.

Example Title:

“Enhancing Math Education Through a Holistic Approach: Integrating Real-World Applications”

b. Abstract

Write a brief abstract that summarizes your article’s main findings, methods, and significance. Ensure it provides a clear overview for readers.

Abstract Example:

“This article explores the implementation of a holistic approach to math education, which integrates real-world applications into the curriculum. Through a comprehensive study, we assess the impact of this approach on student engagement and performance. Our findings highlight…”

c. Introduction

Introduce your topic, establish its relevance, and present your central argument. Give readers a clear sense of what to expect in the article.

Introduction Example:

“Mathematics education faces challenges in fostering students’ real-world connections. In response, this article proposes a holistic approach that integrates practical applications into math instruction. By examining the benefits of this approach, we contribute to the ongoing discourse on innovative teaching strategies.”

d. Main Body

Present your arguments and evidence in a well-organized manner. Each paragraph should focus on a single idea that contributes to your overall argument.

Main Body Example:

“The holistic approach advocates incorporating real-world scenarios into math lessons. This not only enhances students’ understanding of mathematical concepts but also equips them with practical problem-solving skills. Furthermore, by…”

e. Conclusion

Summarize your main points and reiterate the significance of your findings. Offer insights into potential future research directions.

Conclusion Example:

“In conclusion, the holistic approach bridges the gap between theoretical math concepts and practical applications. This approach not only improves student performance but also cultivates a deeper appreciation for mathematics. As educators continue to explore innovative strategies…”

3. References and Citations

Ensure your references are relevant and up-to-date, ideally within the last 10 years. Properly cite sources that inform and support your arguments.

For instance, when discussing the impact of the holistic approach on student performance, reference recent studies that highlight its effectiveness.

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Clarity and Engagement

Make your writing accessible by using clear language and avoiding jargon. Aim to engage a wide audience, regardless of their background.


“The holistic math education approach benefits students of diverse learning abilities, ensuring that every learner can grasp complex concepts.”

Originality and Contribution

Highlight how your article contributes to existing scholarship. Engage with previous research and offer fresh insights.

Originality and Contribution

For example, discuss how your holistic approach builds upon established teaching methods while introducing innovative elements.

Benefits of Writing Journal Articles

Here’re some advantages for you if you write journal articles:

1. Knowledge Dissemination

Journal articles allow you to share your research findings with a wider audience, contributing to the advancement of knowledge in your field.

2. Credibility and Visibility

Publishing articles enhances your credibility as a researcher and increases your visibility within the academic community.

3. Networking Opportunities

Engaging with peers through publications can lead to collaborations, networking, and exposure to diverse perspectives.

4. Career Advancement

A strong publication record is often crucial for career advancement, securing academic positions, grants, and promotions.

5. Contribution to the Field

Your articles contribute to ongoing discussions, offering insights and solutions that shape the direction of your field.

6. Personal Growth

Writing articles hones your critical thinking, communication, and analytical skills, promoting personal and intellectual growth.

Final Thought

Writing a journal article requires careful planning, adherence to journal guidelines, and a clear and engaging writing style. By identifying your central message, structuring your content effectively, and crafting clear and concise sections, you can create a compelling article that contributes to your field of study.

Remember to tailor your writing to your target journal’s audience and objectives, ensuring your article stands out and adds value to the academic discourse. With dedication and attention to detail, you can successfully share your research findings through a well-crafted journal article.

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